The legal work product is generally protected by the legal work product privilege, but this privilege can be overridden or revoked in certain circumstances. Upon receipt of payment for services rendered, the Consultant grants City exclusive ownership and copyright, if any, in and to the examinations, reports, drawings, specifications, project manuals, surveys, estimates, examinations, protocols, all “architectural works” within the meaning of the United States Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. Â§ 101, and causes its subcontractors or subcontractors to acquire exclusive ownership and all grant copyrights, if any. Ff. and other results of intellectual work, as appropriate (“work product”). “Product of Work.” Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/legal/work%20product. Retrieved 14 January 2022. The work product doctrine is broader than solicitor-client privilege. Unlike solicitor-client privilege, which only covers communication between a lawyer and the client, work product includes documents created by persons other than the lawyer himself: documents may have been created by anyone, as long as they were created with the realistic possibility of impending litigation in mind. In addition, it contains documents collected for the lawyer, such as interrogations, signed statements, other information acquired for the prosecution or defense of a case. The lawyer has the right to professional secrecy. The courts generally find that there is no protection for work done prior to the lawyer`s intervention.
For example, the work of an investigator hired by an insurance company before hiring a lawyer or filing a lawsuit is not protected. To be protected under the doctrine of immunity of work products, the material in question must have been created in anticipation of litigation or legal proceedings. Despite its inclusiveness, the product of labour doctrine is less powerful than solicitor-client privilege and can therefore be overcome out of necessity. An example of a possible exception would be a witness who is not available due to his or her death or lives in a remote/hostile country. Work product means writings, notes, memoranda, reports of conversations with the client or witnesses, research and confidential documents that reflect the impressions, conclusions, opinions, legal research or theories of a lawyer. Work product documents are confidential and do not need to be submitted in response to requests for investigation or subpoenas. Accordingly, these records and work results must be inspected, examined, examined and reproduced at any time at any location where these records and work results may be found, with or without notice to the sub-recipient, GLO, HUD or any other governmental entity with the required legal authority. In U.S. civil litigation, the work products doctrine protects documents created in anticipation of litigation against discovery by an opposing lawyer.  It is also known as the product of labour rule, product of labour immunity, work product exception, and work product privilege, although there is some debate as to whether this is truly a “privilege.”  This doctrine does not apply in other countries where such communications are not protected, but where the legal disclosure process itself is much more limited.  According to the doctrine of the product of labor, “material matter or its intangible equivalent” collected or processed in anticipation of litigation cannot be found.   Lawyers` work consists of documents and other material material prepared by or for a party or representative in anticipation of litigation.
The product doctrine was born in 1947 in Hickman v. Taylor, where the Supreme Court upheld a decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit that prohibited the oral and written communication of the testimony of a defendant`s lawyer.  The Supreme Court, on the recommendation of the Advisory Committee of the Judicial Conference, subsequently formally enshrined this doctrine in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as Rule 26(b)(3).  Even if an exception to the work product doctrine is made, the court would still protect a lawyer`s privileged acts by redacting the privileged part of the document. “Memoranda, pleadings, communications. other writings prepared by the attorney for his or her own use in furthering the client`s case. Mental impressions, conclusions, opinions or legal theories” can never be discovered by a counterpart. See: Fed. R.
Civ. P. § 26 (b) 3); and Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495 (1947). Before distributing a Work Product to third parties other than the ALLO, the parties notify such third parties that if they rely on or use such Work Product, they do so entirely at their own risk, without liability to the GLO, the Supplier or the Sub-recipient. Supplier agrees that all relevant records relating to this Agreement and all work products produced under this Agreement, including records and work results of its subcontractors, shall be subject to management and audit regulations. Subscribe to America`s largest dictionary and get thousands of other definitions and an advanced search – ad-free! In no event shall Supplier be entitled to any royalties, royalties or other consideration not specified in this Agreement for the transfer of the Work Product to the GLO or for the undisturbed use and enjoyment of the Work Product by the GLO in perpetuity.